1. The researchers found that the absence of shelter impact_________ of Vipera aspis?
a. physiological performance
c. stress hormone level
d. all of the above
e. b and c
2. What is the function of heliotheria?
c. Temperature regulation
3. Where are Vipera aspis found?
d. South America
e. Southern United States
4. What physiological parameters were the researchers testing?
a. sleep hormones and changes in sleep patterns
b. sex hormone changes during reproduction
c. response to presence of prey
d. digestion and stress hormone levels
5. Digestion of Vipera aspis was increased with exposure to colder temperature.
1) What is propolis made of?
a. Pollen and wax
b. Tree resin and wax
c. Royal jelly and tree resin
d. Pollen and Royal Jelly
2) In the experiment, bees were painted on their thorax to signify what?
a. the age of the bee.
b. the original source colony the bee came from
c. the amount of time the bee was in the nucleus colony
d. none of the above
3) Which other social insect displayed a decreased immune function in response to the presence of resin in the nest?
a. Fire Ants
b. Paper Wasps
d. Swiss Wood Ants
(4) What did the study find was the significance of propolis for bee colonies?
a. Aide in reproduction
b. Nutrients by ingestion
c. Immune system boost
d. Bacteria prevention in the hive
5) Elevated immune-gene expression does all of the following EXCEPT:
a. impair learning ability
b. impair flight abilities
c. lower colony productivity
d.reduce life span under stressful conditions
The “extreme” lifestyle of M. Tarigradum can be attributed to what:
c.) DNA damage
The findings of the experiment done by Neumann, Reuner, Brummer and Schill showed that
a) The longer the Tardigrades stayed in an anhydrobiotic state, the more DNA damage was observed.
b) DNA damage could be a possible cause for the decline in survival of the Tardigrades after long periods of andydrobiosis.
c) Tardigrades do well in an environment saturated with alcohol
d) Both A and B
e) Both A, B and C
According to the Podcast, research with Tardigrades is of interest to scientists because:
a.) Research surrounding Tardigrades is being used in space to test for the sustainability of human life on other planets.
b.) Scientists think Tardigrades could possibly be extra-terrestrial.
c.) We can use the research to discover new ways for humans to survive in extreme climates and environments.
d.) Both A and B
e.) A, B and C
1. What is the typical host of T. suis?
2. How are whipworms transmitted from host to host?
a. ingestion of contaminated feces
c. cut on something rusty
d. bite from an infected animal
3. What was T. suis used to treat?
b. Irritable Bowel Disease
d. Diabetes Mellitus
e. Ulcerative Colitis
4. How did the patients obtain T. suis?
a. drinking water contaminated with T. suis
b. eating pig with T. suis
c. ingestion of T. suis ova
d. injection of serum containing T. suis
5. What clade is T. suis a part of?
1. The research on H. polygyrus showed that infection with hookworms reduced effects of murine:
2. The larger sex in hookworms is the:
c. They are equal sizes
3. The process by which ecdysozoans shed their cuticle as they grow is called:
4. Hookworms such as H. polygyrus belong to phylum:
1. What type of birds showed a noticeable decrease in density with an increase in Lumbricus biomass within the maple-basswood forest?
A. Hermit Thrush
D. Black and White Warbler
2. Invasion by the worm, Lumbricus, increases the dominance of the following type of foliage:
A. Sedges and grasses
B. Herbaceous plants
C. None of the above
D. All of the above
3. True or False: All of the birds in the study were ground-nesting, song birds?
4. Which of these are a current hypothesis as to how the Lumbricus worm detrimentally effects the density of Ovenbirds in the maple-basswood forest?
I. Help with aeration and fertilization of the ground
II. They caused habit changes that reduced nest concealment
III. They reduced the amount of arthropod food supplies
IV. Ovenbirds perceive forests infested with Lumbricus undesirable and choose to live elsewhere
A. I, II, & III
B. I & III
C. II & III
D. II, III, & IV
E. All of the above
5. Lumbricus is originally found in:
D. North America
1. Through what process do nudibranchs take up nematocysts?
2. What is the ultimate cause of nematocyst uptake in nudibranchs?
a. To protect themselves from predators
b. To assist in capturing prey
c. They always wanted to be jellyfish
d. To assist in movement
e. To act as camouflage in their environment
3. What kind of relationship do some nudibranchs have with zooxanthellae?
a. Commensalism: nudibranch benefits, zooxanthellae is unaffected
b. Mutualism: both benefit
c. Parasitism: nudibranch benefits, zooxanthellae is harmed.
d. Parasitism: zooxanthellae benefits, nudibranch is harmed.
e. There is no relationship
4. Nudibranchs’ ingested nematocytes are maintained in a functional state in what?
E. Defensive Cells
5. Why do Nudibranchs change their nematocysts type?
A.Fresh vs. Marine habitat
B. Different Predators
C. Change toxin type within body
E. Fashion Trends