M. tarigradum-Tardigrades Group

The “extreme” lifestyle of M. Tarigradum can be attributed to what:

a.) desiccation
b.) cryptobiosis
c.) DNA damage
d.) anhydrobiosis

Answer: B

The findings of the experiment done by Neumann, Reuner, Brummer and Schill showed that

a) The longer the Tardigrades stayed in an anhydrobiotic state, the more DNA damage was observed.
b) DNA damage could be a possible cause for the decline in survival of the Tardigrades after long periods of andydrobiosis.
c) Tardigrades do well in an environment saturated with alcohol
d) Both A and B
e) Both A, B and C

Answer: D

According to the Podcast, research with Tardigrades is of interest to scientists because:

a.) Research surrounding Tardigrades is being used in space to test for the sustainability of human life on other planets.
b.) Scientists think Tardigrades could possibly be extra-terrestrial.
c.) We can use the research to discover new ways for humans to survive in extreme climates and environments.
d.) Both A and B
e.) A, B and C

Answer: D


Whipworms-Nematode Group

1. What is the typical host of T. suis?
a. human
b. dog
c. squirrel
d. pig
e. rat

2. How are whipworms transmitted from host to host?
a. ingestion of contaminated feces
b. inhalation
c. cut on something rusty
d. bite from an infected animal

3. What was T. suis used to treat?
a. Appendicitis
b. Irritable Bowel Disease
c. Anemia
d. Diabetes Mellitus
e. Ulcerative Colitis

4. How did the patients obtain T. suis?
a. drinking water contaminated with T. suis
b. eating pig with T. suis
c. ingestion of T. suis ova
d. injection of serum containing T. suis

5. What clade is T. suis a part of?
a. Oligochaeta
b. Polychaeta
c. Nematoda
d. Priapulida
e. Loricifera

Hookworms-Smaller Ecdysozoans Group

1. The research on H. polygyrus showed that infection with hookworms reduced effects of murine:
a. Cancer
b. Arthritis
c. Pneumonia
d. Asthma

2. The larger sex in hookworms is the:
a. Female
b. Male
c. They are equal sizes

3. The process by which ecdysozoans shed their cuticle as they grow is called:
a. Ecdysis
b. Exuviating
c. Schizogony
d. Homoplasy

4. Hookworms such as H. polygyrus belong to phylum:
a. Priapulida
b. Nematoda
c. Onichophora
d. Arthropoda

Fireworm-Annelid Group 2


1) What is the term that describes animals that eat coral?

    • Corallivores
    • Carnivores
    • Settlers
    • Cnidarians

2) What size fireworms prefer coral spats?

    • Small
    • Medium
    • Large
    • Fireworms don’t like eating coral

3) What do fireworms use for locomotion?

  • Feet
  • Cilia
  • Parapodia
  • Tentacles

4) Fireworms choose to eat coral spats instead of adult coral. What are reasons for this that is suggested by current research?

  • Coral spat contain more nutrients than adult coral.
  • Adult coral are poisonous to fireworms, and spat do not carry the poison.
  • Small prey live in more protected habitats, and eating them ultimately protect the fireworm from predators as well

Earthworm Invasion!-Annelid Group 1

1. What type of birds showed a noticeable decrease in density with an increase in Lumbricus biomass within the maple-basswood forest?

A. Hermit Thrush
B. Ovenbird
C. Veery
D. Black and White Warbler

2. Invasion by the worm, Lumbricus, increases the dominance of the following type of foliage:

A. Sedges and grasses
B. Herbaceous plants
C. None of the above
D. All of the above

3. True or False: All of the birds in the study were ground-nesting, song birds?

A. True
B. False

4. Which of these are a current hypothesis as to how the Lumbricus worm detrimentally effects the density of Ovenbirds in the maple-basswood forest?

I. Help with aeration and fertilization of the ground
II. They caused habit changes that reduced nest concealment
III. They reduced the amount of arthropod food supplies
IV. Ovenbirds perceive forests infested with Lumbricus undesirable and choose to live elsewhere

A. I, II, & III
B. I & III
D. II, III, & IV
E. All of the above

5. Lumbricus is originally found in:

A. Africa
B. Europe
C. Asia
D. North America

Nudibranch 2.0-Mollusc Group 3

1. Through what process do nudibranchs take up nematocysts?

a. Photosynthesis

b. Phagocytosis

c. Evolution

d. Metamorphosis

e. Endosymbiosis

2. What is the ultimate cause of nematocyst uptake in nudibranchs?

a. To protect themselves from predators

b. To assist in capturing prey

c. They always wanted to be jellyfish

d. To assist in movement

e. To act as camouflage in their environment

3. What kind of relationship do some nudibranchs have with zooxanthellae?

a. Commensalism: nudibranch benefits, zooxanthellae is unaffected

b. Mutualism: both benefit

c. Parasitism: nudibranch benefits, zooxanthellae is harmed.

d. Parasitism: zooxanthellae benefits, nudibranch is harmed.

e. There is no relationship

4. Nudibranchs’ ingested nematocytes are maintained in a functional state in what?

A. Cnidictyes

B. Nematospores

C. Nematobranches

D. Cnidosacs

E. Defensive Cells

5. Why do Nudibranchs change their nematocysts type?

A.Fresh vs. Marine habitat

B. Different Predators

C. Change toxin type within body

D. Camouflage

E. Fashion Trends

Zebra Mussels-Mollusc Group 2


For best quality, play video with 4 sec auto-delay.


1.What is the Zebra Mussels natural Predator?

a. Humans

b. Smallmouth Bass

c. Other Zebra Mussels

d. Crayfish


2.Where did the Zebra Mussel originate from?

a. The Great Lakes

b. Pacific Ocean

c. Eastern Europe

d. Amazon


3. How do Zebra Mussels evade their predators?

a. Detaching

b. Closing Shell Tighter

c. burrowing

d. Moving onto land


4. Czarnoleski et al. was about:

a. Crayfish increasing their feeding chances

b. Zebra Mussels increasing their feeding chances

c. Crayfish decreasing their feeding chances

d. Zebra Mussels decreased feeding chances


5. What do Zebra Mussels primarily eat?

a. Algae

b. Crayfish

c. insects

d. Fish eggs